The amount and intensity of daily practicing required to reach and maintain the highest levels of performance is significant for musicians. The achievement and improvement of musical competences and technical abilities are subject to the use of the body, sometimes in unnatural positions, by means of continuous and repeated movements. It will come as no great surprise that musicians experience susceptible changes in musculature, bone structure, circulation and respiration to the same degree as expert performers in other domains. At length, regular and intensive practicing may even cause chronic health problems and musculoskeletal injuries which may damage musicians irreparably.
Concerning the importance of prevention to avoid ill health within the profession, musicians can been seen (at least to some extent) as athletes of the upper body. However, all athletes warm up before and cool down after practice and performance because injuries are common if muscles are not exercised. Unfortunately, musicians often tend to underestimate the long-term consequences of bad habits and stress on their physical and mental health.
Although these consequences can be severe or career ending, the majority of musicians’ health complaints are entirely preventable and curable, for instance by correcting movements and increasing regular physical activity.
The main aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of Fitness training (FT) and Yoga training (YT) with regard to musculoskeletal injuries, flexibility, cardiovascular condition and health behaviour in professional music students.